Dating an old home made with pegs
When the paint has dried, screw the 'eye' screw into the top of the peg – this will provide a strong point from which to hang the doll. Following the chart and using a knotless loop start, stitch the design from the centre outwards using two strands of embroidery thread. Once the stitching is complete press the excess fabric at the bottom of the design (approx 5mm beneath the row of large cross stitches) to the reverse to form a deep hem. Now fold the hem back up along the crease made earlier, re-pressing the edge if needed.
Trim the left- and right-hand edges of the fabric to 1cm from the stitches. Open up the pressed hem and pin the two ends of the fabric together so that the right sides are facing and the stitches are running in bands around the middle. Lay the fabric tube next to your peg doll with the folded hem at the point you want your skirt to finish, and cut off the top of the tube where it comes into line with the tapered neck (see diagram). To make the arms, cut a piece of wire 12cm long, push it through the drilled hole and use pliers to curl the ends to form hands.
To determine age, consider the form and function, tool marks, construction techniques, and materials used in the furniture. Pit saws, used from roughly the 1600s to 1750, left irregular, slanted, deep rough marks.
I've included a brief list of references, if you want to begin studying on your own. One thing to determine is the utility of the furniture you're trying to date. If you can locate tool marks on a piece of exposed wood, you might have some clues to follow.
Oak beams with empty mortices or peg holes are typical of many early houses.
These can help to identify lost beams, or indicate that they may be re-used beams, whose earlier function might be discernable.
There were relatively standard layouts in medieval houses, such as an open hall flanked each side by a floored-over 'parlour' and service rooms.
Please note that we do NOT advise on building condition - you must employ your own surveyor or builder. Chamfered beams, and the style of the chamfer stops, help with dating, as do mouldings and sometimes even beams pierced to form tracery.
Timber framing ('half timbering') of the period up to about 1700 is almost always of oak or perhaps elm. Wattle-and-daub was used for many centuries but your house may perhaps have signs of decorative pargetting.
Windsor chairs were not around before the Queen Anne period.